About the station
- The Sugarcane Research Station was first started during 1955 at
Palur, South Arcot district and later shifted and established at Cuddalore in
- This station acts as a lead
centre for sugarcane research in Tamil Nadu.
- The Research Station is situated
within the municipal limits at Cuddalore, head quarters of Cuddalore district,
at Semmandalam, 1.5 km away from Cuddalore Bus stand and Railway Junction, on
Cuddalore – Panruti road.
- It has a cultivable extent of 44
hectares of land which includes roads and buildings.
- The soil type is clayey loam with
pH of 7.2 and irrigated by bore wells.
- The major disciplines functioning
are Plant Breeding and Genetics, Agronomy, Soil Science and Agricultural
Chemistry, Crop Physiology, Agricultural Entomology, Plant Pathology and
- To develop
sugarcane varieties with high yield and high quality for different seasons.
- To carry out
research for increasing sugarcane production in the coastal belt.
- To develop cost
effective and adoptable sugarcane production techniques.
- To formulate integrated pest and
disease management practices for sugarcane.
The Research Station is
situated within the municipal limits at Cuddalore, head quarters of Cuddalore
district, at Semmandalam, 1.5 km away from Cuddalore Bus stand and Railway
Junction, on Cuddalore – Panruti road. It has a cultivable extent of 44
hectares and located at latitude 11o46’N and langitude 79o46’E. The altitude is 4.6m MSL.
Fourteen early and ten mid late
sugarcane varieties have been released from this Research Station.
– CoC 671, CoC 771, CoC 772, CoC 8001, CoC 85061,
CoC 86062, CoC 90063, Co8021, CoC 91061, CoC 92061, Co 86249, CoC 98061, CoC
(SC) 23 and CoC (SC) 24.
– Co 6304, CoC 774, CoC 775, CoC 777, CoC 778, CoC
779, CoC 8201, Co 8362, CoC 99061 and CoC (SC) 22.
- Short crop of cane
(6-8 months age) records better germination than aged ones.
- Spacing at 80
cm between cane rows brings out more
- Press mud
application @ 25 t/ha increases cane and sugar yields.
- The optimum seed
rate for high yield is 75,000 double budded setts per hectare.
application of Atrazine @ 0.5kg a.i./ha, followed by hand weeding on 45th
day is effective and economical for weed control.
- Trash mulching on 3rd
DAP in sandy soils and on 21 DAP in clay soil is effective for soil moisture
conservation, weed control and ESB control in addition to yield increase.
- Intercropping with
blackgram and other pulses increases net income in addition to improving soil
of herbicide Thiobencarb @ 1.25kga.i/ha only on the weeds (since sugarcane is
sensitive to the herbicide) is effective for sugarcane crop intercropped with
- Growing green
manures like sunnhemp and daincha as intercrops in sugarcane adds nitrogen to
the soil and increases cane yield by 10-15 t/ha.
- 2, 4-D sodium salt
as post emergence spray applied on the weeds at the rate of 0.2% (2m/lit)
controls the creeper weeds economically and effectively.
- Mulching ridges
with raw press mud @ 25 t/ha records 85.5 per cent weed control efficiency.
- Irrigation once in
7 days at germination phase, 10 days at tillering and growth phases and at 13
days during maturity phase is found to be ideal for sugarcane.
- Drip irrigation in
paired row system of planting (25x25x25x120 cm) and pit method of planting
(4444 pits/ha) reduces half of the water requirement, controls weeds
effectively; increases fertilizer use efficiency, increases cane yield and
- Detrashing on 5th
and 7th months followed by propping increases cane growth and girth
and ensures higher cane yield.
- Stubble shaving,
shoulder breaking, gap filling and application of 25 per cent additional basal
dose of N increases cane yield and juice quality in ratoon crop.
- Planting of
sugarcane through mechanical cutter cum planter saves cultivation cost up to
SOIL SCIENCE AND
- Application of 275
kg N, 63 kg P2 O5 and 113 kg K2O per hectare
is recommended for one hectare of sugarcane crop.
- Whole of Phosphorus
needs to be applied as basal dose at planting and N and K need to be applied in
three equal splits on 30th, 60th and 90th day
of planting in heavy soils (clayey soils) and in four equal splits on 30th,
60th, 90th and 120th day of planting in light
textured (sandy) soils.
- 20kg Ferrous
sulphate, 10 kg Manganese sulphate, 10 kg Zinc sulphate and 5 kg Borax mixed
with 500 kg of compost per hectare is to applied in the soil as basal to
overcome the deficiencies of micronutrients in sugarcane.
- The application of
sulphur @ 60 kg S ha-1 in the form of Gypsum registered higher cane
and sugar yields.
- The application of
treated distillery effluent along with irrigation water @ 1:10 dilution
increased the quality of cane juice i.e., Brix % and CCS%.
- Mulching the ridges
with cane trash on 7th month along with kaolin spray @ 2 per cent
(12.5 kg/ha) on 120 days helps in overcoming the drought and ensures higher
- The chemical
ripener Sodium metasilicate @ 25 kg/ha as foliar spray on 10th month
increases the CCS per cent by 1.5 unit.
- The intensity of
cane juice quality deterioration is very rapid from 40-96 hours after harvest
- Among the borer pests, early shoot borer (Chilo infuscatellus) causes damage even
upto 60 per cent in young shoots during March to June.
- Trash mulching on ridges during 10 days after planting and
intercropping green gram reduces the shoot borer incidence.
- Increasing the sett rate by 30% over the recommended rate
effectively compensate the yield loss due to shoot borer damage in the late
planted sugarcane crop
- The major natural egg paratasitoids on internode borer are Trichogramma chilonis and Telenomus beneficiens
- Release of Trichogramma
chilonis egg parasitoid @ 2.5 cc/ha at fortnightly intervals six times
commencing from fourth month onwards effectively checks the incidence of
- Detrashing of cane during 5th and 7th
months decreases the infestation of internode borer, mealy bugs, white fly,
scales and Pyrilla.
- Dipha aphidivora predator @1000/ha or Macromus @1500/ha (larvae / pupae)
can directly be advocated thrice at 15 days interval for the management of
Sugarcane Woolly Aphid.
- Co C (SC) 23 is completely
resistant to Sugarcane Woolly Aphid.
86249 is completely resistant to red rot (Collectotrichum
falcatum) disease and CoC (SC) 23 CoC (SC) 24 moderately resistant
- Smut disease (Ustilago scitaminea) has two epidemic periods viz. May to June and
October to November and can be managed by aerated steam therapy @ 15o
- Sugarcane sett treatment is followed by
mixing 125 g of Carbendazim 50 WP 250 g
of Carbendazim 25 DS in 250 litre of water along with 2.5 kg of Urea and
dipping the setts for 5 minutes
- Top rot can be minimized by spraying Copper
oxy chloride or Chlorathalanil or Mancozeb @ 0.5 g/l
Professor and Head
Sugarcane Research Station
Cuddalore – 607 001.
Dr.R.S.Purushothaman, Professor and Head
Front view of administrative block
VC Speach During Sugarcane Scientist Meet
Honorable Vice Chancellor interacting
with scientist at Farmers Mela
Sugarcane fluff seedlings
Sub surface drip irrigated and fertigated sugarcane field
Hon’ble Vice Chancellor visit to Sugarcane
Research Station, Cuddalore